Dr. Charles Drew

Dr. Charles Drew was an African-American surgeon who pioneered methods of storing blood plasma for transfusion and organized the first large-scale blood bank in the U.S.

Degree(s): Biology, Master of Surgery, Doctor of Medicine

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Undergraduate Institution: Amherst College

Graduate Institution: McGill University, Columbia University

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Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

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Dr. Charles Drew was an African-American surgeon who pioneered methods of storing blood plasma for transfusion and organized the first large-scale blood bank in the U.S. He directed the blood plasma programs of Great Britain and the American Red Cross in the U.S. during World War II, but resigned from the Red Cross after a ruling that the blood of African-Americans would be segregated. Dr. Drew also held faculty positions at Morgan State University and Howard University. He also became the chief surgeon at Freedmen’s Hospital. Later that year, he became the first African-American examiner for the American Board of Surgery.

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